The most obvious effects of drug abuse which are manifested in the individuals who abuse drugs include physical and mental illness and often untimely death. The negative consequences of drug abuse affect not only individuals who abuse drugs but also impacts their community, family and society.
Effects on Community:
- Drug-related crime can disrupt neighborhoods due to violence among drug dealers, threats to residents and the crimes of the addicts themselves.
- More than half of the highway deaths in the United States involve alcohol.
- The vast majority of homeless people in the United States have either a drug or alcohol problem or a mental illness, many have all three.
Effects on Children:
- National-level studies report that parents who abuse drugs often put their need to obtain and abuse drugs before the health and welfare of their children.
- Children of individuals who abuse drugs often are abused or neglected as a result of the individuals’ drug addiction.
- Children whose parents and other family members abuse drugs often are physically or emotionally abused and often lack proper medical care, dental care and necessities such as food, water and shelter.
Effects on Business:
- The economic impact of drug abuse on businesses whose employees abuse drugs can be significant.
- In the workplace it is costly in terms of lost work time and inefficiency.
- Drug users are more likely than nonusers to have occupational accidents, endangering themselves and others.
Effects on Society:
- The economic cost of drug abuse in the United States is estimated at nearly $215 billion.
- Drug-related health care costs in the United States total more than $9.9 billion.
- The damage caused by drug abuse and addiction is reflected in an overburdened justice system, a strained healthcare system, lost productivity and environmental destruction.
The above information was obtained from the U.S. Department of Justice National Drug Intelligence Center and infoplease.com.